Ethiopia has had one of the fastest growing economies in the Horn of Africa region—and the world—in the last two decades. But the benefits of this growth have not been equally shared among the country’s 100 million people, and the COVID-19 pandemic, recurring drought, and conflict in the northern part of the country threaten Ethiopia’s hopes and its path out of poverty.
The majority of Ethiopians in rural areas rely on rain-fed agriculture for their subsistence, but climate change, shortage in public and private investment in the sector, as well as conflict in some areas—and an upsurge of desert locusts in 2020-2021—have had negative effects on food production and incomes. As many as 20.4 million people across Ethiopia require food support, according to the World Food Program. It is one of four countries in East Africa where Oxfam is responding to extreme hunger.
Oxfam is addressing urgent humanitarian needs in multiple areas, while also tackling the root causes of poverty by helping people make a decent living and adapt to and survive climate change. We also work to empower women and girls in all our programs and ensure women can advocate for their rights and participate in making policies that affect their lives.
What challenges are people in Ethiopia facing?
People in need of humanitarian assistance in Ethiopia
Percentage of the population that depends on agriculture and livestock for their livelihood
Number of refugees in Ethiopia