Research

  1. Research

    At Work and Under Watch

    Surveillance and suffering at Amazon and Walmart warehouses

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  2. Research

    Oxfam's Corporate Inequality Framework

    Investor Use Guide

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  3. Research

    Corporate Inequality Framework

    How do the largest US corporations contribute to inequality?

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  4. Research

    Getting Ahead of the Curve on Dynamic Materiality: How U.S. investors can foster more inclusive capitalism

    Despite soaring corporate profits and strong market performance, wealth and income inequality are increasing, leading to public disenfranchisement and imbalances which can eventually jeopardize crucial business functions and diversified investors’ portfolios. Institutional investors are increasingly concerned with the financial implications of social and environmental risks, but often lack the tools to identify and mitigate them. This discussion paper is designed to support U.S. investors in understanding how sharing more wealth and influence with workers and communities can correct imbalances and support early identification and mitigation of emerging risks. Specific tools and opportunities are highlighted which can foster more sustainable and responsible value creation and ultimately a more inclusive and thriving economy.

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  5. Research

    Small-Scale Female Food Producers and Climate Change: Qualitative evidence from Ethiopia

    The main objective of the study is to examine small-scale female food producers’ (SSFFP) awareness, capability and resilience for climate change and its impacts, as well as the adaptation strategies and factors that influence their adaptive decisions. The assessment covered the perspectives of SSFFPs and other stakeholders from government, research institutions and civil society organizations that work on the climate change agenda. The study was conducted in Basona Werana Woreda (North Shewa Zone, Amhara), Bora Woreda (East Showa Zone, Oromia in the lowland areas of the Rift Valley) and Awash Fentalie Woreda in the Afar Regional State, which is largely a pastoralist area. In the month of January 2023, the team conducted the research, which used in-depth interviews, focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant in-depth interviews (KIIs) for primary data collection, and a literature review for secondary data collection. The report concludes with recommendations to improve small-scale female producers’ climate change adaptation including capacity building, information sharing services, technology use, and policy support and its implementation.

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  6. Research

    Funding the Localization Agenda: Measuring progress of United States development and humanitarian assistance to local organizations

    This research report challenges USAID’s self-reported progress on its localization goals. The Oxfam research builds upon “Metrics Matter,” a report by Publish What You Fund, that looks at 10 countries that are recipients of USAID funding, and how much of that funding flows directly to local actors. Oxfam used the methodology developed by Publish What You Fund and the same source data, to analyze USAID funding to an additional eight countries between 2019 and 2021.

    In 2021, USAID set an ambitious goal of ensuring that 25% of its funding went to local organizations by 2025. In 2022, it released its first progress report, in which it defined critical terms such as “local,” and outlined how it would measure progress. The percentage of funding to local organizations would be measured by dividing the amount of funding given to local organizations by the total amount of funding given by USAID globally.

    Oxfam contends that USAID’s definition of local and what it left out from its total funding (UN projectized funding), inflates USAID’s progress to date. Using a narrower definition of local and including all USAID funding as the denominator, the report found that USAID had only given 4% of its funding to local actors, versus USAID’s calculation of 7.3% from 2019-2021. This not only detracts from its goal of funding local organizations, but it also sets up a reverse incentive for international organizations to adapt their organizational criteria to meet the USAID definition in order to qualify as local.

    The report argues that if USAID is to realize the vision it has articulated, it must adopt a narrower definition of local and include all funds directed by USAID in its total funds figure. Progress might appear slower, but if USAID is to truly “provide development assistance to help partner countries on their own development journey to self-reliance” (USAID's "about us" language), this is a better path.

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