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Geographies of Conflict

Mapping overlaps between extractive industries and agricultural land uses in Ghana and Peru.

Ghana and Peru have experienced dramatic growth in their mining and hydrocarbons sectors in recent years, and both countries have also experienced conflict between local communities and extractive operations. These conflicts are often rooted in small-scale farmers' concerns about pollution of both land and water.  Addressing the causes of these conflicts is critical for ensuring more beneficial outcomes from extractive industries investments.

This report is a collaboration between Oxfam America and geographers from Clark University. It charts the dramatic expansion of oil, gas, and mining operations in Peru and Ghana, and seeks to contribute to productive dialogue on the tensions between extractive industries and agriculture by graphically depicting where these activities overlap.



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