Mining and oil operations can have serious economic implications for a community. Large projects attract economic migrants, place heavy demands on municipal services, and put stress on local government agencies.
The presence of mining and oil operations can have negative cultural consequences for isolated indigenous communities. The influx of mine or oil-rig employees demanding entertainment and other services changes the social structure in local areas.
Revenues from extractive industries (oil and gas development and mining) are a source of income for governments of more than 50 developing countries, including many where Oxfam America and our affiliates work, including Peru, Ecuador, Mali, Ghana, Chad, Nigeria, Angola, and Azerbaijan. These roughly 50 countries are home to approximately 3.5 billion people, 1.5 billion of whom live on less than $2 a day.
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