Summary of Reports on Mining and Development in the Province of Espinar, Peru
The history of mining in Peru’s Espinar Province has involved decades of extraction by various companies with different legal frameworks, property regulations, environmental standards, and social responsibility. Mining in Espinar Province is the first successful experience in Peru involving the construction of a space for dialogue and direct negotiation between communities in a mine’s area of influence and the mining company, together with the participation of national and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) as guarantors of the process. It is also the first case in Peru of a model through which the company contributes to local populations, providing them with a percentage of profits beyond its tax commitments with the state. On the other hand, the processes experienced by Espinar’s population exemplify the promises and contradictions that different populations and territories in the country have to live with when it comes to mining activities.