The conflict in Sudan between the government and rebel groups has killed untold numbers of people and forced massive displacement. Oxfam and partners are helping hundreds of thousands of people by providing clean water and safe sanitation, and we have provided many of the most vulnerable with fuel-efficient stoves and other essentials.Donate now
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Are you confused about what's going on in Darfur, Sudan and South Sudan? Here's a short primer on this troubled region and what Oxfam is doing to help.
A wave of violence in the Darfur region of Sudan has uprooted more than 300,000 people in recent weeks. Oxfam is rushing aid to tens of thousands of people who have fled attacks.
A survivor of the recent violence in Darfur still dares to dream of a better future.
How we're responding
Conflict between the Sudanese government and rebel groups—as well as tribal disputes—have resulted in massive civilian death and displacement. Oxfam is working to assist more than 500,000 people affected by conflict in Darfur and South Kordofan. Our goals: meet emergency public-health needs while helping families badly affected by the conflict get back on their feet.
A recent wave of armed conflict has uprooted hundreds of thousands of people in Darfur since late February, 2014. Some have settled in camps; others have returned to the remains of their homes to start again from nothing. Oxfam and partners launched a six-month emergency program and quickly reached moret han 100,000 people with essential aid—clean water, sanitation facilities, and hygiene materials, as well as other relief supplies. But families in Darfur need more than emergency aid: they need safety. We are calling for stepped-up efforts to protect civilians, and for an end to the violence that is destroying the lives and futures of families and communities across the region.
Meanwhile, our program to assist families driven from their homes in the gold-mining area of Jebel Amir last year continues. Oxfam and a local partner have been assisting providing thousands of people with clean water, sanitation facilities, relief materials like plastic sheeting and blankets. We have distributed fuel-efficient stoves, vegetable seeds, and cash grants to many of the most vulnerable.
Meanwhile, our ongoing programs are assisting people displaced by earlier conflict. Oxfam America has been working with local Sudanese partners and community members to provide clean water, sanitation, and hygiene programs to more than 250,000 people in camps and villages in Darfur. Our water engineers are helping maintain the wells, pumps, tanks, pipes, and taps that deliver treated water to the settlements, and our sanitation and public health staff are ensuring that camp residents have latrines, bathing areas, soap, water cans, and access to the information they need to stay healthy under challenging camp conditions.
Many people affected by the conflict no longer have the means to make a dignified living. Farmers who have been displaced from their land, herders who have lost their animals, and widows who are trying to raise children alone have a range of needs as they try to restore their incomes. Oxfam partners have offered small business grants and loans, as well as vocational training and assets like donkey carts to many of the most vulnerable residents of the camps. In rural areas affected by the conflict, we have provided seeds, plows, and horse carts for farmers, as well as small business loans.
High-efficiency stoves can address an array of problems in Darfur. In a joint program with two partners, Oxfam America has supported local camp residents to assemble and distribute more than 15,000 stoves that are more than twice as efficient as traditional three-stone fireplaces. For the women who purchase their firewood in the market, the stoves reduce the cost of fuel and ease the heavy economic pressure on their families. But for those who must trek into the countryside to gather firewood, facing the risk of assault from armed bandits and militias, fuel-efficient stoves are even more critical. Though lack of funds has interrupted Oxfam's work on stoves, we are poised to renew our support for this vital program as soon as possible.
Read more about how the stoves have been making a difference.
In South Kordofan
Oxfam is working with Sudanese partner organizations to respond to the humanitarian emergency that began unfolding in the summer of 2011, when armed conflict erupted between government and rebel forces in the states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
Aid providers are unable to reach many of those who are caught in the conflict, but an Oxfam partner has reached 70,000 people in South Kordofan with a range of interventions, including:
- rehabilitating wells, installing hand pumps, and constructing latrines;
- distributing seeds, tools, and donkey carts;
- providing cash grants;
- vaccinating livestock;
- promoting health and hygiene; and
- distributing relief materials.