Natural resource justice

Why are people in countries rich in natural resources suffering in poverty?

What's wrong

People in countries that are rich in oil, gas, gold, and copper are living in poverty. While corrupt governments earn revenue from these resources, people lack health care, jobs, decent education, and proper roads. Local communities have no say in the extraction of resources from their land and suffer from pollution, corruption, human rights violations, and the effects of climate change.

Making it right

Oxfam helps communities affected by oil, gas, and mining operations to control how their natural resources are used – to defend their right to say if, and therefore how, projects are carried out. These projects should not add to poverty and powerlessness; they should help communities overcome these challenges as part of an environmentally and socially responsible form of development.

Tell the SEC: No secret deals

It’s been 5 years since Dodd-Frank passed - but the rule that requires oil companies to make their payments to foreign governments public still hasn’t been implemented. Tell the SEC that it's time to finish the job on transparency and end secret deals.

Act now

Stories & updates


Oxfam’s New Year’s Resolutions for 2016

Happy New Year! Just like individuals need to shake off the holidays and think about the opportunities of a fresh year, organizations ought to take stock and decide where they want to put extra effort. Here's our list for 2016.

First Person blog

Winning battles in war on poverty

We’re in a long struggle against poverty, but your participation in the fight is making a difference.

The resource curse

In a world as rich as ours, it’s wrong that communities rich in natural resources face poverty, corruption, and human rights violations. When countries rely too heavily on non-renewable natural resources, they often don’t invest what they earn in agriculture—which can distribute income more widely across society. When community lands are seized for pipelines or mines, farming and fishing communities suffer. Indigenous people and women are particularly vulnerable—governments and companies often overlook their concerns. And once committed to exploiting nonrenewable resources, governments do not always distribute revenues back to communities.

Where is all the money going?

Between 2010 and 2014, oil produced in developing countries is conservatively estimated to be worth $1.55 trillion for their governments.

In many countries, oil revenues flow to governments with little or no transparency so it’s impossible to know if this money is being used for roads, schools, or hospitals … or if it is being siphoned off into corruption.

Oxfam is part of a world-wide movement calling for greater transparency in oil, gas, and mining revenues, join us in our campaign to shine a light on the industry and help people get the information they need to hold their government accountable for responsible use of their wealth.

Featured publications

  1. Brief

    Oxfam at a glance: Natural resources and rights

    Oil, gas, and mining projects generate billions of dollars in the developing world, yet very little of this wealth benefits poor populations.

  2. Fact sheet

    Oil, gas and mining industries: Women's rights at risk

    It’s a 21st-century paradox: Countries endowed with oil, gas, and mineral resources frequently suffer in poverty—and women are disproportionately affected.

  3. Research

    Extractive Sectors and the Poor Facebook Twitter Instagram YouTube Google+