Metals, mining, and sustainable development in Central America
An assessment of benefits and costs
Mining communities throughout the world know firsthand that those closest to mining development get hit the hardest. If mining is to realize any of its promise, it must be done with the full sanction and support of local communities. The mining industry must respect local communities' right to free, prior, and informed consent. Furthermore, it must integrate tightly into local economies and allow for cooperative decision-making on a continuing basis. If these circumstances do not exist, communities have grounds to reject mining projects—because the costs will likely outweigh the benefits.