"We are very worried about the human rights violations and the suspension of constitutional guarantees," says Carolina Castrillo, Oxfam America's director in Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean. "Re-establishment of democratic governance will require long-term efforts from the Honduran society as well as the international community."
Zelaya intended to hold a public opinion poll the day he was arrested. The poll was to determine if there could be a referendum to create a new constitution. Hours after the coup, the congress named Roberto Micheletti interim president.
Since then, the country has entered a political crisis that could affect other countries in the region. Citizens are holding protest marches all over the country, and social movements are criticizing the coup and demanding respect for the constitution. The interim government has suspended five constitutional rights: the right to protest; freedom in one's home from unwarranted search, seizure and arrest; freedom of association; guarantees of due process while under arrest; and freedom of movement in the country.
Much of the international community (including El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala, the Organization of American States (OAS), the United Nations, and the European Union) condemns the coup and insists on the reinstatement of Zelaya and the restoration of political and social order. The OAS suspended Honduras's right to participate in this international body as long as Zelaya is not restored to the presidency.
Zelaya attempted to fly back into the country on July 4th, but the military blocked the runway as hundreds of thousands of people marched to Tegucigalpa's international airport to welcome him. One man was shot and killed, and 10 were wounded by the army.
Instability in Honduras is affecting the programs Oxfam is supporting in the country. These include helping small-scale farmers to increase their production, and better sell their crops in national and regional markets. Oxfam also supports organizations that protect women victims of violence, and disaster risk reduction projects that help communities to prepare for and better withstand natural disasters like earthquakes or hurricanes.